ABCs of Grape Growing and Wine Making
The processes involved in how to grow grapes and make wine are as old as the ancient human civilizations. And except for a few changes, wine making has essentially remained the same for thousands of years. At present, wine is still enjoyed by everyone on every occasion, special or otherwise. For that, wine continues to be a very satisfying and lucrative endeavor for many people. But before you can even talk about the steps that comprise the making of wines, you first have to know a thing or two about its primary ingredient – grapes.
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Knowing how to grow grapes for wine making starts with knowing the two different varieties used by renowned winemakers. The first one is made up of the European grapes. Often, this variety is used in traditional vineyards found in Europe and California. These grapes grow under ideal weather conditions. The second type of grapes is made up of the hybrids. If the ideal conditions for grapes do not last long in your area, your next best choice will be to use this variety. These types of grapes have been known to withstand the harshness of winter. Knowing the types of grapes is important not just for determining the suitability of your local climate patterns, but also in figuring out what type of wine to produce, say, white or red.
The most remarkable thing to keep in mind on how to grow grapes is the fact that this plant is perennial by nature. That means a grapevine can live on and produce fruit for decades. But being perennial can also signify that it takes longer for a vine to grow and bear fruits. Actually, you would need three years, on the average, before you can have your very first harvest. Before you can plant your grapes, you should also know that they are not like any ordinary crop. They need to grow in a plot that is deficient in nutrients. You heard that right. For purposes of wine making, you will need small grape fruits instead of the larger ones you eat for dessert. You see, the best wine flavor is produced not by the grape juice, but by the fruit’s skin.
Always remember that learning the ropes on how to grow grapes is the most essential part of wine making. After making sure that your grapes attain the right ripeness and are free from any diseases, you can begin harvesting and processing them into wine. You may need to add some ingredients like yeasts and other chemicals to help your wine attain the right acidity. The longest phase will always be the fermentation, which can last from four months to several years, but it’s all downhill afterwards.